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On Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Studies


Bhāṭṭatantrarahasyam. The Bhāṭṭatantrarahasya of Khaṇḍadeva with the Sāraprakāśikā commentary by N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya.

N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya; associate editor S. Lakshminarasimham, Regards sur l'Asie du Sud / South Asian Perspectives n˚ 4, Institut Français de Pondichéry, xxi, 664 p., 2015.

Language: Sanskrit. 1200 Rs (52 €). ISBN : 978-81-8470-204-0.

The Bhāṭṭatantrarahasya of Khaṇḍadeva (17th c.) belongs to the Bhāṭṭa school of Mīmāṃsā. It deals mainly with the meaning of roots and suffixes, and their role in conveying the meaning of the sentence. Though this is a topic of grammar, it is widely discussed in Nyāya and Mīmāṃsā works as well. The Bhāṭṭatantrarahasya is divided into two parts. The first part begins with the definition of dharma, the main concept of Mīmāṃsā, and then deals at length with the meaning of injunctional suffix (liṅ), refuting the views of logicians and establishing bhāvanā (creative energy) as the main meaning of the sentence. In the second part, the author discusses the meaning of nominal suffixes (sup), quoting relevant rules from Pāṇinian grammar. Though Khaṇḍadeva's interpretation of Pāṇinian rules deviates from the grammatical tradition in some cases, he tries to prove that there is no violation of grammar by the Mīmāṃsakas.

Given the complexity of the Bhāṭṭatantrarahasya, Prof. Ramanuja Tatacharya presents it here with his own commentary, the Sāraprakāśikā. Also included are an index of the Pāṇinian rules, an index of the kārikās (citations) and a bibliography.

Keywords: Mīmāṃsā, Bhāṭṭa school, commentary

About the commentator
Professor N.S. Ramanuja Tatacharya is one of the senior authorities in the fields of Nyāya, Vyākaraṇa, Pūrvamīmāṃsā and Uttaramīmāṃsā. Since retiring as Vice-Chancellor of the Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha of Tirupati, he has been associated with the French Institute of Pondicherry as Honorary Professor. His profound scholarship has earned him many awards, including the Certificate of Honour for Proficiency in Sanskrit conferred by the President of India and the Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur awarded by the French government. He has been awarded the titles of Tarkavācaspati and Śāstraratnākara by the Head of the Sri Raghavendra Swamy Matha and the Sri Vedanta Desika Sampradaya Sabha, respectively. He is also the recipient of the Ramakrishna Dalmia Srivani Alankara Award of the Ramakrishna Dalmia Srivani Nyas, and the Vachaspati Puraskar Award of the K. K. Birla Foundation.

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